Person-Animal Wellness Survey, PAWS (Johansson, 1999) : Updating the Human-Animal Bond

Person-Animal Wellness Survey, PAWS (Johansson, 1999)

by David Anderson on 07/16/15

Person-Animal Wellness Survey, PAWS (Johansson, 1999)

Developed and used in:

Johannson, Eunice E.

            Human-animal bonding : an investigation of attributes. 1999. [x], 132 leaves

            Unpublished thesis (PhD in School Psychology)—University of Alberta, Canada, 1999.

            The Questionnaire: Person-Animal Wellness Survey (PAWS) is published as Appendix A, leaves 125-127. Discussion of the survey is on leaves 33-35.

            Abstract: This study used the triangulation approach to examine the nature of relationships between people and their family dog. The objective was to gain insight into the attributes of human-animal bonding. It investigated whether evidence of human-animal bonding might be revealed in the thoughts, emotions, and behaviors reported by participants and observed by the researcher. In-depth case studies were conducted with twenty children and their family dogs. The children selected were between the ages of eight and eighteen, from a Western Canadian city (Edmonton, Alberta), with possession of their family dog for at least one year. The author developed and used a questionnaire, semi-structured interview and behavioral observation cue list to obtain the childrens views and learn more about their relationships with their family dog. Analysis of the interview and behavioral observation material was conducted by developing a matrix for display and matching of patterns. To evaluate potential usefulness of the questionnaire a sampling of 92 participants (children and adults) was added following completion of the case studies. Based on correlational and factor analysis, results suggested nine factors for grouping the characteristics of human-animal bonding. Further analyses revealed human-animal bonding to be a multidimensional phenomenon, characterized by emotional-psychological, social, behavioral, and commitment dimensions. Results of the study are discussed in relation to theory on human attachment and bonding and its relevance to understanding and advancing knowledge of the human-animal bonding phenomenon. Findings of this study indicate implications for further research and application in the areas of school and counselling psychology.

             Available through the website (Accessed 1 Dec 2014).

            Abstract also in Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: Humanities & Social Sciences. 2000 Mar; 2000: 60(8-A): 2798-2798.


Modified by

Wedl, Manuela; Schöberl, Iris; Bauer, Barbara; Day, Jon; Kotrschal, Kurt.
            Relational factors affecting dog social attraction to human partners. Interaction Studies: Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems. 2010; 11(3): 482-503.


           Abstract: We previously showed (Kotrschal et al., 2009) that owner personality and human-dog relationship predicted the performance of a human-dog dyad in a practical task. Based on the same data set we presently investigate the effects of individual and social factors on the social attraction of dogs to their owners. Twenty-two male and female owners and their intact male dogs were observed during a "picture viewing" test, where we diverted the owner's attention away from their dog whilst it was permitted to move freely around the room. Owner personality axis "neuroticism" and dog personality axis "vocal and aggressive" were, respectively, positively and negatively related to the time the dog stayed in proximity to the owner. Quality of relationship and attachment also had significant effects on this proximity. We conclude that personality and the nature of the human-dog relationship may all influence dogs' social attraction to their owners.

           Wedl et al. translate and modify the “Dog Attitude Scale” (Johannson EE. Human-animal bonding, 1999) and the “Questionnaire for Anthropomorphic Attitudes” (Topal J, Miklosi A, Csanyi V. Dog-human relationship affects problem solving behavior in the dog. Anthrozoös. 1997; 10: 214-223).

           The 30 items of the set of questionnaires developed are given in Table 1, p.489, and Table 2, p.490).

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