Updating the Human-Animal Bond

Updating the Human-Animal Bond

Self Psychology Interview (Brown, 2007)

by David Anderson on 10/07/14

Brown, Sue-Ellen.

Companion animals as selfobjects. Anthrozoös, 2007; 20(4): 329-343.

The interview questions are published as Table 1, p.331.

Quality of Life Scale, QoL (Schneider et al., 2010)

by David Anderson on 10/07/14

Schneider, Tamera R.; Lyons, Joseph B.; Tetrick, Mark A.; Accortt, Eynav E.

Multidimensional quality of life and human–animal bond measures for companion dogs. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research. 2010 Nov-Dec; 5(6): 287-301.

The 91 items of the scale appear in Table 1, “Factor loadings (Study 1, study 2) and items measuring QoL (reliability),” p.291.

Also uses the Human-Animal Bond Scale (Schneider et al., 2010).


Pet, Pest, Profit Scale, PPP Scale (Taylor & Signal, 2009)

by David Anderson on 10/07/14

Taylor, Nicola; Signal, Tania D.

            Pet, Pest, Profit: Isolating Differences in Attitudes towards the Treatment of Animals. Anthrozoös. 22(2); 2009 Jun: 129-135.

            Despite the increasing interest in, and scope of, human-animal studies, few statistically robust measures of attitudes towards animals exist beyond the Animal Attitude Scale (AAS-Herzog, Betchart and Pittman 1991). While extensively utilized, the AAS does not discriminate between categories of animals, that is, pet, pest, and commercially valued species. The current study was therefore conducted to develop a scale aimed at isolating differences in attitudes towards animals across three different categories: (1) pet (companion animal), (2) pest, and (3) profit/utility animals (PPP). Despite limitations due to a low return rate (n = 210), the PPP scale proved to have strong internal reliability, and related well to the AAS. The development of this scale and initial validation are described. Scores on the "pet" subscale were found to be the highest, followed by those on the "profit" then "pest" scales. Other noteworthy results including interactions between gender, occupation, and scores on the PPP subscales are discussed.


Used in:

Hazel, Susan J.; Signal, Tania D.; Taylor, Nicola.

           Can teaching veterinary and animal-science students about animal welfare affect their attitude toward animals and human-related empathy? Journal of Veterinary Medical Education. 2011 Spring; 38(1): 74-83.

           Also used a demographic questionnaire (age; gender; animal science or pre-vet program; year; meat eater, vegetarian or vegan; having a current animal; having an animal as a child; previous study; employed work outside university studies) and two scales from the Davis Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IPI), the Empathic Concern and Perspective Taking scales), all using a five-point Likert scale (from 1=strongly disagree to 5=strongly agree).

Pet Ownership Questionnaire (Friedmann & Thomas, 1995)

by David Anderson on 10/07/14

Developed in:

Friedmann, E.; Thomas, S. A.

            Pet ownership, social support, and one-year survival after acute myocardial infarcation in the Cardiac Arrhythmia Suppression Trial (CAST).

American Journal of Cardiology. 1995; 76: 1213-1217.


Used in:

Friedmann, Erika; Thomas, Sue A.; Son, Heesook; HAT investigators.

            Pets, depression and long-term survival in community living patients following myocardial infarction. Anthrozoös. 2011 Sep; 24(3): 273-285.

            This study uses a shortened version: The question “Do you currently have any pets?” and a list of the types and names of pets owned were used to obtain pet ownership status (see p.276). Also uses the Beck Depression Inventory-2 (BDI-II), Spielberger’s State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), the Social Support Questionnaire-6 (SSQ-6) and the ALFI-MMSE 25-item version of the mini mental status examination.


Pet Owners’ Needs during Pet Loss (Fernandez-Mehler et al., 2013)

by David Anderson on 10/07/14

Fernandez-Mehler, P.; Gloor, P.; Sager, E.; Lewis, F. I.; Glaus, T. M.

Veterinarians’ role for pet owners facing pet loss. Veterinary Record. 2013.

DOI: dx.doi.org/10.1136/vr.101154

The questionnaire is designed for completion by veterinary clients when visiting the veterinary practice for consultation in regards to euthanasia and their own expectations and satisfaction with veterinarians. Designed for both German Swiss (Die Bedürfnisse der Tierhalter beim Verlust eines Tieres) and French Swiss clients (Les besoins des propriétaires d’animaux lors de la perte d’un animal).

The article and the questionnaire are available from the website http://veterinaryrecord.bmj.com/content/early/2013/03/vr.101154.full (Accessed 18 Mar 2013).


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